|THE "HUNDRED AND TWENTY YEARS" OF GENESIS 6:3. Appendix 24 To The Companion Bible.|
These are generally taken as meaning 120 years before the Flood. But this mistake has been made by not observing that the word for "men" in Genesis 6:1, 2 is in the singular number with the definite article, as in verse 3 "man", and means THE MAN ADAM. The word "also" clearly refers to him. It has no meaning if "men" be read, in the plural. It means, and can mean, only that Adam himself, "also", as well as the rest of mankind, had "corrupted his way".¹ If "men" be the meaning, then it may be well asked, who are the others indicated by the word "also"?
¹ (beshaggam) because that also is so pointed in the Codex Hilleli. This makes it the Inf. Kal. of shagag, to transgress, go astray, and means, "because that in their going astray, he (Adam) also is flesh".
In Genesis 2:17, the Lord God had declared that Adam should die. Here, in Genesis 6, it was made more clear that though he had lived 810 years he should surely die; and that his breath, or the spirit of life from God, should not for ever remain in him. See the notes on Genesis 6. This fixes the chronology of verse 3, and shows that long before that time, A.M. 810, and even before Enoch, this irruption of fallen angels had taken place. This was the cause of all the "ungodliness" against which the prophecy of Enoch was directed in Jude 14, and which ultimately brought on the fulfillment of his prophecy in the Judgment of the Flood. See Appendix 23 and Appendix 25.