Appendix 106 To The Companion Bible.

I.  APPEAR  (the Verb).

  There are eight words (or expressions) rendered appear, etc., in the Authorized Version, which are to be distinguished as follows:—
 i.  phaino = to shine forth so as to be seen: having reference to the manner in which a matter presents or shows itself, independently of any observer. Hence the word phenomenon.
 ii.  anaphainomai. Passive of No. i, with ana prefixed = to be shown forth, come to light, come into sight.
 iii.  epiphaino = to shine, show light upon. No. i with epi (Appendix 104. ix).
 iv.  emphanizo = to cause to be manifested or shown plainly and clearly; used of causing that to be seen (or known) which would not otherwise have been cognizable by the unaided eye (or mind). It occurs ten times: Matthew 27:53. John 14:21, 22. Acts 23:15, 22; 24:1; 25:2, 15. Hebrews 9:24; 11:14. Compare the Septuagint use for Hebrew hodia' (Exodus 33:13); and for 'amar (Esther 2:22).
 v.  phaneroo = to bring to light, make manifest. Compare phaneros = manifest in No. viii below.
 vi.  optomai = to see with the eye, referring to the thing seen (objectively); thus differing from blepo (see Appendix 133. I. 5), which denotes the act of seeing or of using the eye.
 vii.  erchomai = to come. Rendered "appear" only in Acts 22:30, where all the critical texts (see Appendix 94) read sunerchomai = "come together".
 viii.  eimi phaneros = to be visible, manifest, or open to sight (phaneros, adjective of No. v, above, with eimi = to be). So rendered only in 1Timothy 4:15.
 ix.  apokalupto = to unveil so as to be visible to the eye.

II.  APPEARING  (the Noun).

 i.  apokalupsis = unveiling, revelation, manifestation. Hence English "Apocalypse". From apo = from (Appendix 104. iv), and kalupto, to cover = uncovering, or unveiling. When used of a person it always denotes that he is visible. Occurs Luke 2:32. Romans 2:5; 8:19; 16:25. 1Corinthians 1:7; 14:6, 26. 2Corinthians 12:1, 7. Galatians 1:12; 2:2. Ephesians 1:17; 3:3. 2Thessalonians 1:7. 1Peter 1:7, 13; 4:13. Revelation 1:1.
 ii.  epiphaneia, a shining forth upon. Hence, English epiphany. From No. iii, above.

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